The most common skin conditions seen in the pharmacy are dry skin, dermatitis, eczema and psoriasis.
Dry skin is a minor condition, which shows as hard or flaky skin and is simply due to lack of moisture in the upper skin layers.
Dermatitis is caused by contact with an external irritant or allergen. The skin is dry, itchy and inflamed.
Eczema is an allergic condition which does not need an outside substance to trigger it. The skin reaction is similar to dermatitis. The symptoms present in infants in the nappy area, neck, back of scalp, face and back of wrists.
Contact dermatitis is caused by substances irritating the skin and these must be found to effectively treat the condition.
Cradle cap is simply a mild eczema of the scalp in babies and the same condition in adults may give rise to dandruff
Psoriasis is more serious and potentially debilitating condition. It presents as raised plaques with white or silvery scales. They are rarely seen on the face, however may appear on the scalp, elbows, knees and lower back.
Dandruff is a form of dermatitis affecting the scalp, best treated with an anti dandruff shampoo. Regular, twice weekly use of this shampoo will control the problem effectively.
Treat cradle cap with olive oil to soften scales, and then remove with a comb, coconut oil will help reduce scalp dryness.